Click on the play button below to listen to the audio recording.

The sentences below are also found in __Nouns - Numbers and Counting.__

*Right-click and click 'Save link as' to save this MP3 file.

**Native Korean numerals [Counting, Age and Hours]**

The basic numbering system of the native Korean numerals is the same as that of the Sino-Korean numerals. However, in addition to one to ten, there is a need to learn the special pronunciations of tens, i.e. 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90.

From 100, the pronunciation is the same as the Sino-Korean numerals we've looked at above. [hundred (100) = 백, thousand (1000) = 천, ten thousand (10000) = 만]

- 1 = 하나
- 2 = 둘
- 3 = 셋
- 4 = 넷
- 5 = 다섯
- 6 = 여섯
- 7 = 일곱
- 8 = 여덟
- 9 = 아홉
- 10 = 열
- 11 = 열 하나
- 12 = 열 둘
- 13 = 열 셋
- 17 = 열 일곱
**20 = 스물**- 21 = 스물 하나
- 22 = 스물 둘
- 23 = 스물 셋
**30 = 서른****40 = 마흔****50 = 쉰**- 55 = 쉰 다섯
**60 = 예순****70 = 일흔**- 75 = 일흔 다섯 [70 + 5
**→**일흔 + 다섯 = 일흔다섯] **80 = 여든****90 = 아흔**- 100 = 백
- 189 = 백 여든 아홉 [100 + 80 + 9
**→**백 + 여든 + 아홉 = 백여든아홉]

Below are the examples of how the native Korean numerals are used in counting, age and hours.

**[Counting]**

The native Korean numerals are used for counting, e.g. the number of people in a class, the number of cars in a car park, the numbers of apples on an apple tree, the numbers of pencils or pens on a desk, etc.

- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ... = 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷, 다섯, ...

When counting, we use distinctive identifier words called counters. Each kind of object (or person for that matter) has their own counter to distinguish them from other kinds. This counter system is a bit like the system found in English, i.e. 3 cups of juice, 5 glasses of water. However, the Korean counting system extends to every object.

For example,

- three cups of juice = 주스 세
**컵** - five glasses of water = 물 다섯
**잔** - six people = 여섯
**명 (사람)** - five cars = 차 다섯
**대** - three apples = 사과 세
**개** - two pencils = 연필 두
**자루** - four books = 책 네
**권** - ten roses = 장미 열
**송이**

Listed below are some of the most common counters used in counting.

- 명 = people
- 마리 = animals
- 대 = cars
- 개 = objects (this is very widely used for any inanimate objects)
- 자루 = long, lean objects
- 그루 = trees
- 송이 = flowers
- 켤레 = shoes
- 장 = paper
- 권 = books
- 살 = age
- 층 = floor [
**The Sino-Korean numerals**are used for counting the number of floors, i.e. the first floor = 일층, the second floor = 이층, and the eighth floor = 팔층]

Please also note that 하나 becomes 한, and the final consonant of each of 둘, 셋, 넷 and 스물 is omitted when they are attached to counters. For example,

- (물) 한잔 = a glass of water (NOT
~~하나잔~~) - (종이) 두장 = two pieces of paper (NOT
~~둘장~~) - (신발) 세켤레 = three pairs of shoes (NOT
~~셋켤레~~) - (사람) 네명 = four people (NOT
~~넷명~~) - (나이) 스무살 = twenty (years of age) (NOT
~~스물살~~)

The counters work in a similar way to some of the counter words in English, e.g. 장 is similar to 'pieces' and 켤레 is similar to 'pairs'.

**[Age]**

As we've looked at above, the counter, 살, is attached to years of age. For example:

- 1 = 한살
- 2 = 두살
- 3 = 세살
- 4 = 네살
- 5 = 다섯살
- 7 = 일곱살
- 10 = 열살
- 11 = 열한살
- 12 = 열두살
- 13 = 열세살
- 17 = 열일곱살
- 20 = 스무살
- 24 = 스물 네살
- 32 = 서른 두살
- 58 = 쉰 여덟살

**[Hours]**

The native Korean numerals are also used for 'hours' but not for 'minutes' which use the Sino-Korean numerals.

- 10:25 am → 오전 10시 25분 = 오전
**열**시 이십오분 - 7:30 pm → 오후 7시 30분 = 오후
**일곱**시 삼십분 or 오후**일곱**시 반 (반 means 'a half')

10시 = 열시 = 10 o'clock

**[Months]**

- 한달 = 1 month
- 두달 = 2 months
- 세달 = 3 months
- 네달 = 4 months
- 다섯달 = 5 months
- 여섯달 = 6 months
- 일곱달 = 7 months
- 여덞달 = 8 months
- 아홉달 = 9 months
- 열달 = 10 months

1월 = 일월 = January

2월 = 이월 = February

3월 = 삼월 = March

4월 = 사월 = April

5월 = 오월 = May

6월 = 유월 = June

7월 = 칠월 = July

8월 = 팔월 = August

9월 = 구월 = September

10월 = 시월 = October

11월 = 십일월 = November

12월 = 십이월 = December

**Example sentences**

- 2(두)달 동안 학교를 다니고 2(이)주동안 방학을 했다 = I went to school for 2 months and had a break(holidays) for 2 weeks.

- 우리 학교는 3(삼)월에 시작해 = Our school starts in March.

## No comments:

## Post a Comment