To do something - ~기 위해

To do something - ~기 위해

This is the expression used to show that you purpose to do something. For example,

  • 아브라함은 대학 가기 위해 열심히 공부를 했다 = To go to college, Abraham studied hard.
In the sentence above, the reason why Abraham studied hard is because he's purposed to go to college.
  • 점심 먹기 위해 레스토랑에 들어 갔다 = To eat lunch, we went into the restaurant.
We went into the restaurant because we'd purposed to eat lunch.

Therefore, the clause containing ~기 위해 is the reason for doing something revealed in the rest of the sentence.

Rules

● Add 위해 to a nominalized verb. Also see (Nouns - Nominalizing Verbs)
  • 읽기 위해 = To read
  • 쓰기 위해 = To write
  • 듣기 위해 = To listen
  • 말하기 위해 = To speak
  • 가기 위해 = To go
  • 오기 위해 = To come
  • 보기 위해 = To watch
  • 먹기 위해 = To eat
  • 자기 위해 = To sleep
  • 달리기 위해 = To run
  • 사기 위해 =  To buy
  • 팔기 위해 = To sell
  • 서기 위해 = To stand
  • 앉기 위해 = To sit
  • 살기 위해 = To live
  • 죽기 위해 = To die
Eg.
  • 한글을 읽기 위해 한국어를 공부했다. = To read Korean words, I studied Korean.
  • 자유의 여신상을 보기 위해 뉴욕에 갔다. = To see the Statue of Liberty, we went to New York.
  • 그녀는 필리핀에 가기 위해 비행기 티켓을 샀다. = To go to the Philippines, she bought a flight ticket.
  • 유다에 도착한 룻은 시어머니를 돕기 위해 일을 했다 = Ruth, who arrived in Judah, to support her mother-in-law, she worked. (An excerpt from 룻 이야기)
한글 = Korean (writing)
한국어 = Korean (language)
자유의 여신상 = The Statue of Liberty
필리핀 = The Philippines
비행기 티켓 = flight ticket
유다 = Judah
룻 = Ruth
시어머니 = Mother-in-law
돕다 = support
돕기 위해 = To support

5 comments:

  1. Thank you so much for the lessons! I haven`t come across one like this yet..you`re so generous for making it free for everybody..again you`re doing a good job!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you! I appreciate your comment.
    I hope you're getting most out of my lessons.

    And if there is any grammar or phrase that you'd like to know more about, please leave it in your comment.

    ReplyDelete
  3. thank you so much... i really learn from this... could you please when and how to use "hal teh" because if ofter hear it but i dont know the meaning....

    ReplyDelete
  4. 할 때 basically means, "when I do something."

    공부 할 때 음악을 듣는다 = When I study, I listen to music.

    Please refer to "Conjunctions - When"
    http://parksguide.blogspot.com/2008/09/conjunctions-when.html

    ReplyDelete
  5. wow.. Philippines..my country..hehe just saw that..*random* ;DD

    ReplyDelete

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