Particles - 께/에게/한테

Particles - 께/에게/한테 [Dative Particle]

The dative particle, 에게/한테, is mainly used for someone/something to whom you are giving something. 께 is a honorific form, 에게 is a formal form and 한테 is an informal form.

Eg. 1
아버지께 선물을 드렸다 = To my father, I gave a present.

아버지 = Father
선물 = present
드리다 = give (honorific form)
드렸다 = gave (honorific form)

Eg.2
아빠에게 선물을 드렸다 = To my dad, I gave a present.

아빠 = Dad
선물 = present
드리다 = give (honorific form)
드렸다 = gave (honorific form)

Eg.3
누나한테 물을 주었다. = To older sister, I gave water

누나 = older sister
물 = water
주다 = give
주었다 = gave

(으)로부터/에게서/한테서 is used when you are receiving something from someone. Again, (으)로부터 is an honorific form, 에게서 is formal and 한테서 is informal.

Eg.1

대통령으로부터 상을 받았다 = From the president, I received a prize.


Eg.2

엄마에게서 편지를 받았다 = From mum, I received a letter

엄마 = mum
편지 = letter
받다 = receive
받았다 = received

Eg. 2
형한테서 소식을 들었다 = From older brother, I heard news

형 = older brother
소식 = news
듣다 = hear
들었다 = heard

9 comments:

  1. I have been studying Korean grammar on my own for over a year, and your blog is the first and only place where I have found the honorific form of "from" in Korean! My Korean co-teachers said that it didn't exist! Thank you so much for this information! Now I know to use, "(으)로부터" when talking about my superiors! Keep up the good work!

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  2. ditto... the thanks I mean. This cleared up some misunderstandings I had

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  3. "From mum"
    ha ha. You are British?

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  4. Hi Luke !

    You said that 로부터 is the honorific but what about 께서 ? I often heard it in dramas.
    Thanks for your help !

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  5. My teacher gave me these sentences but i am confusing about them. Can you help me to clearly explain?
    우리는 선생님께(한테) 한국어를 배워요.
    선생님 께서 말씀 하셨어요.
    선생님 께(한테서) 받았어요.
    These sentences are very different with all
    grammar i read. Thank you..

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  6. i think it would be a good idea to put the different particles and words in bold or different colours to make it more visual

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  7. thanks i'm Hungarian so that's much easier to understand to me because we use suffixuies and we have these too

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