This lesson is about the connective form of adjectives. This form is used to list several adjectives in a sequence, and to connect one sentence to another.
The conjugation rule for the connective form is easy.
- Take 다 off adjectives and then attach 고 to them.
|Small (size)|| |
|Small (quantity)|| |
|Hot (tangible)|| |
|Cold (tangible)|| |
The connective form of adjectives is used in two situations:
- To list adjectives in a sequence
- To connect one sentence to another
1. To list adjectives in a sequence
If I was to say 'kind, beautiful and humble' in Korean, the adjectives must be changed to their connective forms except the last adjective of a sentence which determines its tense.
- 착하다 → 착하고 = kind
- 아름답다 → 아름답고 = beautiful
- 겸손하다 = humble
- 착하고 아름답고 겸손하다 → kind, beautiful and humble
- 착하고 아름답고 겸손했다 → was kind, beautiful and humble
- 아름답고 겸손하고 착했다 → was beautiful, humble and kind
- 겸손하고 착하고 아름다웠다 → was humble, kind and beautiful
As you can see, the last adjective determines the tense of a sentence.
2. To connect one sentence to another.
The connective form of adjectives is also used to connect sentences.
- 유리는 착해요 = Yuri is kind
- 미나는 아름다워요 = Mina is beautiful
- 진수는 겸손해요 = Jinsu is humble
유리는 착하고, 미나는 아름답고, 진수는 겸손해요.
= Yuri is kind, Mina is beautiful and Jinsu is humble.
- 앤디는 웃겨요 = Andy is humorous/funny
- 프랭클린은 조용해요 = Franklin is quiet
- 제시카는 활달해요 = Jessica is outgoing
앤디는 웃기고, 프랭클린은 조용하고, 제시카는 활달해요
= Andy is humorous/funny, Franklin is quiet, and Jessica is outgoing.
- 음료수는 시원하다 = A soft drink is cool
- 차는 뜨겁다 = Tea is hot
- 포도는 달다 = Grapes are sweet
음료수는 시원하고, 차는 뜨겁고, 포도는 달다.
= A soft drink is cool, tea is hot, and grapes are sweet.